Ornamental Lids: These are always made of pewter and are currently the most popular for limited edition steins.
They usually have a glorified conical shape and a finial (a figural representation or common design at the top), and feature detail and handwork.
In recent times, the stein and tankard industry remained primarily represented by factories in Germany and England, where skilled craftsmen continue to create steins.
They may be new, antiques, reproductions, or limited editions.Steins range in volume from: .03 liter (1 oz.) to 32 liter (8.4 gal.), the typical volume being .5 (1/2) liter (16.9 oz.).As a result of the bubonic plague and several invasions of flies in Europe, Germany established laws to require beverage containers to be covered for sanitary purposes.Around the same time, techniques to improve earthenware were started by raising the firing temperature of clay, created stoneware.Character Steins: Character steins have a shape designed to represent a person, animal, or object. A more relaxed way of life, combined with a German artist's renaissance and a desire for beautiful, unique, and personalized drinking vessels, created the motivation to design, manufacture and use character steins.
Pewter Steins: The earliest known example of pewter-ware was found in Egypt and ascribed to the period of 1350-1580 B. Pewter finds have been made in Roman Britain dating from 200 A. Pewter became widely used in the 14th century when pewter trade guilds were formed in London and Edinburgh. of Pewters, London, England, was granted a Royal Charter in 1473 to set standards throughout England.The word stein is a shortened form of Steinzeugkrug, which is German for stoneware jug or tankard.By common usage, however, stein has come to mean any beer container regardless of its material or size that has a hinged lid and a handle. The etymology of the word is either from "Stein Krug" (meaning stone jug/mug) or from "Steingut" (meaning stone goods). They can be made of earthenware, pewter, wood, ceramics, crystal, porcelain, creamware, silver, or glass.Inlay Lids: These Lids consist of a pewter rim, a pewter flange (lip), and a stoneware figurine or ornament inlaid in the center.The insert can also be made of glass, porcelain, or wood.Stein Lids: A lid is one important factor in determining age, price, and quality of a stein. Conical Lids: A cone or steeple shaped lid is most common and least expensive.